When was Barossa Valley settled?

The Barossa Valley is one of the country’s most renowned wine-growing regions. Only a short hour drive from Adelaide, the Valley is a lush landscape of sprawling green hills, and endless vineyards. It is on the top of the list as one of Adelaide’s most popular day trip adventures, enticing both locals and tourists into its countryside.

Aboriginal Times

Back before there were any European settlers coming to Australia’s shores, the country was inhabited by the local indigenous community; the aboriginal people. Within the Barossa Valley region, the local community was named the Peramangk people. The area was rich in supplies, with edible plants and grubs to gather, together with small animals such as kangaroos to hunt. The community used fire to help regenerate the vegetation and to drive animals away from the undergrowth, leading to natural open land spaces. However, even before the European settlers came, there was war in this area. With the River Murray aboriginal people doing seasonal trading which eventually led to war between the two tribes. By the time the first colonists made their way into the area in 1837, the Peramangk tribe had all but disappeared. However, the remanents of the ancient Aboriginal people still remain, with rock paintings, artefacts, and important sites remind later generations of this significant era.

European Settlers

The first surveyor of South Australia was Colonel William Light. He named the area after the Barossa in Spain, which is a long beach in the municipality of Chiclana de la Frontera, Province of Cádiz. Due to the Aboriginal community’s past fire clearings, the land was perfect for the possibility of vineyards. Thus, began the development of the famous wine region, with Barossa going down in history as being the largest collection of old vines in the country. Nowadays, there are six generations of grapes growing in the Barossa Valley, with some dating back to the 1840s.

Hop on our Wine and Food Lover’s Barossa Valley Tour for your next holiday!

 

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